Eat less of the other animal products

Eat less meats, fish, seafood, and eggs.


GHG emissions per 1kg food 

Beef (beef herd)


Lamb & Mutton




Beef (dairy herd)


Prawns (farmed)


Pig Meat


Fish (farmed)


Poultry Meat








Fish (wild catch)




How to reduce your meat intake:

Reduce your intake of animal products. Eat red meat (beef, lamb, or goat) a few times a month or limit it to special occasions. 

Reduce your intake of other animal products such as dairy and eggs.

Eat smaller portions. Many of us consider meat as the star of every meal. Try it the other way around and only add a small portion of meat, if you can’t leave it out completely.

Set achievable goals, like meatless days

Individuals around the globe are participating in the Meat Free Monday movement, a public health campaign aimed at reducing excessive meat consumption and raising awareness for climate change. Even one day per week meat-free will make a difference, not only to improve your health but also the health of our planet.

Substitute meat with veggies such as beans and lentils. Add mushrooms to your dish or tofu. There are many environmentally friendly alternatives available.

Kangaroo meat

Kangaroo meat can act as a substitute for beef and veal on the dinner plate. Not only is kangaroo meat lean with less fat, compared to other types of red meat, kangaroos also produce less methane, with many researchers advocating increasing its consumption.

To find more information about kangaroo meat, visit:

CHOICE: The ethics of eating kangaroo meat

Fish meat

Can we eat fish and fight climate change too? The negative impacts of fish consumption vary depending on the species of fish being produced and harvested.

Bottom trawling is a type of commercial fishing that can severely damage and disrupt marine habitats. Low-input aquaculture and non-trawling fishing have the least environmental impact, with aquaculture without recirculation being the best option for relieving pressure on overfishing.

If you choose carefully, you can still enjoy seafood and fish. If buying from the supermarket, check the packaging to ensure seafood is sustainably sourced.

What else can you do to eat low emission foods?


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Ratnasiri, S., & Bandara, J. (2017). Changing patterns of meat consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in Australia: Will kangaroo meat make a difference? PLOS ONE, 12(2), e0170130.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0170130.

Madsen, J., & Bertelsen, M. F. (2012). Methane production by red-necked wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus). American Society of Animal Science. 90, 1364–1370,

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Tao, L. S. R., Lui, K. K. Y, Lau, E. T. C., Ho, K. K. Y., Mak, Y. K. Y., Mitcheson, Y. S., & Leung, K. M. Y. (2018). Trawl ban in a heavily exploited marine environment: Responses in population dynamics of four stomatopod species. Scientific Reports. 8, 17876

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