How to compost?

How to recycle for animal feed and composting?

Composting is a good way to recycle your food wasteTurning food scraps and green waste into food for plants and soil. 

There are some common beliefs about home composting – many people think “it’s too complicated”, “it smells bad” and “it’s a messy job”. Yes, composting can be complicated, smelly or messy if you do it the wrong way.

The 3 types of composting 

Did you know that there is more than one way how to compost? In fact, there are different ways to do it and some might suit you better than others. 

Cold composting is a simple way of collecting food scraps and green waste and adding them to a compost bin or pile. The main difference is,  you don’t need to turn it. However, cold composting typically takes from 6 months to 1 year or even longer.

Hot composting is a bit different. Hot composting kills everything with self-generated heat (diseased material, seeds, biota). It also breaks down the structure of the garden and food waste quickly so that they can be used on the garden combined with, or instead of soil. It is a fast process (3-4 weeks) and the end result looks like moist soil.

Vermicomposting/ Worm farm is made with the help of worms. The worms compost your food scraps when they digest them. Harvesting your worm garden fertiliser happens about every 3-6 months.

Composting Basics

Composting can be really simple. These are the three main ingredients:

  • Browns – (dead leaves, branches, and twigs)
  • Greens – (grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps, and coffee grounds)
  • Water

Your compost pile should have an equal amount of brown to green ingredients.

What to Compost

Fruits and vegetables
Hay and straw
Coffee grounds and filters
Tea bags
Wood chips
Nut shells
Cotton and Wool Rags
Shredded newspaper
Dryer and vacuum cleaner lint
Cardboard Hair and fur
Grass clippings
Fireplace ashes
Yard trimmings

What Not to Compost

Black walnut tree leaves or twigs
Meat or fish bones and scraps
Coal or charcoal ash
Pet wastes (e.g., dog or cat feces, soiled cat litter)
Dairy products
Yard trimmings treated with chemical pesticides
Diseased or insect-ridden plants
Fats, grease, lard, or oils

What else can you do?

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